When a woman stops having her monthly period, it is called a stage of menopause. It is a very normal thing and it happens with age. Besides that, menopause is also a sign that shows that your fertile reproductive year is coming to an end or has ended. The age at which menopause mostly occurs in females is in their late 40s and early 50s. Also, there are females who get their ovaries removed surgically, and they undergo an instant menopause, also known as surgical menopause. Several reasons are there as to why menopause happens. Natural menopause that happens, which is not due to some surgery or medical condition, is very normal and is a part of aging.
What is Menopause?
Menopause can be defined as a full year without any kind of menstrual bleeding. That too, there is no surgery or medical condition which causes bleeding to stop artificially, like that of hormonal birth control, high prolactin, thyroid, overactive thyroid, radiation or surgical removal of ovaries. As females age, the reproductive cycle starts to slow down and then it prepares to stop. Since puberty, this cycle has worked continuously. As the time for menopause comes closer, your ovaries will start making less of the hormone known as oestrogen. In addition, when this reduces the menstrual cycle, i.e., the period begins to change. It will become irregular and then stop automatically.
Physical Changes During Menopause-
Since your body is adapting to different levels of hormones, there can be physical changes too. At every stage of menopause, you will experience different symptoms like those of perimenopause, post-menopause, menopause, and so on. These all are an adjustment to the changes that take place in your body. Now, many are there who will have these questions like, how long does it last? Menopause occurs when you have completed 12 months of regular life without a single menstrual cycle. The period before menopause can last for up to 8 to 10 years, i.e., perimenopause. In addition, the period (time) after menopause, i.e., post-menopause, will last till the end of one’s life.
Production of Hormones-
The common average for menopause among females is 51 years. There are several hormonal changes that happens during menopause. Menopause is something when your ovaries do not produce high levels of hormones. It is known to every female that the ovaries that are reproductive glands, collects the eggs and release them into the fallopian tubes. So, they produce female hormones like oestrogen an progesterone including testosterone. The two hormones which controls the menstrual cycle are oestrogen and progesterone. Oestrogen effects how your body uses the calcium and balances the cholesterol levels in the blood.
No Release of Eggs –
One of the most common things that happens in menopause is that when the time for menopause comes the ovaries will no longer release any eggs into the fallopian tubes and that will be when you will have your last menstrual cycle. The permanent stop of menstruation is natural menopause and it doesn’t happen due to any medical treatment or condition. For females who have natural menopause the process is slow and regular and it can be described in the 3 stages mentioned above. To know more check the link mentioned above.